The castle and the town of Brežice

The castle built on a small slope on the left bank of the Sava River, which separates the region of Styria from Carniola, is believed to date back to the 12th century. It was built by the Archdiocese of Salzburg to serve its administrative and defence purposes. The town of Brežice, which was established in its vicinity, was granted city rights in 1353. The name Brežice is a derivative of the phrase ‘the town on the bank’ (i.e. bregu – brežcu), situated on the pier above the dried-out bed of the Sava. The two-storey castle is the mightiest building in Brežice, built in the middle of the 16th century in the site of the castle which was burnt down in 1515, at the time of the great peasant revolt.

The Attems Family and the Knight’s Hall (Viteška dvorana)
In peaceful times, the aristocratic Attems family turned the castle into a residence. Count Ignac Maria Attems was fond of the Baroque art and commissioned a number of famous Styrian artists to paint his castles. His idea was to rebuild the eastern wing and make a hall, today known as the Knight’s Hall (Viteška dvorana). Fresco paintings are found in a double staircase, the chapel and the Knight's Hall, which was renovated in 2011 and is a unique example of secular baroque fresco painting in the Slovenian territory. It is also the place where visitors can listen to concerts and attend various other events, while admiring the scenes from the Roman and Greek mythologies.

In the past, the castle underwent a number of changes. Designed as a park with a fountain in the middle, the castle courtyard looked very spacious. The castle's surroundings were landscaped, protective moats were filled up and turned into a garden area, and an icehouse was built by the south-western tower. On the eastern side of the castle, the park was planted with various tree species.


 
 

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